International Forum on Korean Unification
Cristal Hall, Blue Sky Hotel
June 7-8, 2018
A Package Agreementon Korean Issue
Prof. Li Yi
Trump will meet Kim Jong Un in six days, on June 12,2018. The Korean War was stopped in 1953, but there was only a ceasefireagreement, and there was no peace treaty. A package agreement is needed tosolve the Korean issue. This package agreement should meet the minimumrequirements of all four parts, the US,China, North Korea, and South Korea.
The US needs North Korea giving up nuclear weapons, or atleast North Korea does not take the US as an enemy anymore, since the NorthKorean missiles, nuclear bombs, hydrogen bombs, could reach anywhere in the US.For this token, the US wouldgive some concessions, such as, the USdoes not take North Korea asan enemy, or consider North Korea as a friend, at least on the surface.
China needspeace and stability in Korean peninsula, since China had enjoyed peacetime duringthe last four decades, and had not fought a war during the same period. Chinadoes not know how to live if there is a war in the Korean peninsula or on theChinese-Korean border. At the same time, China could not afford to let aUS-Japan alliance dominate the Korean peninsula, even without peace.
Both North Koreaand South Korea are eager tounify Korea.The Korean War itself was a civil war, in order to unify Korea. Within South Korea now no one opposesKorean unification, but there is no consensus on when and how. However, thereis a consensus on no war and peaceful unification.
North Korea tried itsbest to develop missiles, nuclear bombs, and hydrogen bombs, to avoid the fateof Libya, Iraq, and Ukraine. North Korea achieved full successand full victory to threaten the American homeland, and secured itself ofpeace. Now North Koreaneeds to develop its economy and disarm to save money. If the US, Japan, andEurope, do not consider North Korea as an enemy anymore, do not imposesanctions and blockade North Korea, establish diplomatic relations with NorthKorea, and do not obstruct North Korea to develop its economy, finally, it ispossible for North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons.
It needs a package agreement to meet all aboverequirements of all four parts, the US,China,North and South Koreans. Last month, Moon Jae-in and Kim Jong Un, published a Panmunjom Declaration. In this declaration, MoonJae-in and Kim Jong Un proposed a US-North Korea-South Korea tripartitenegotiation, or a US-China-North Korea-South Korea quadrilateral negotiation.It is up to Chinato decide whether or not to join the negotiation. Recently, Xi Jinping twicemet with Kim Jong Un. I assume, it means that, China would join the quadrilateralnegotiation for the package agreement.
What does this package agreement look like? Only godknows. I proposed such a package agreement, on September 29, 2017, in a shortessay, On Jia Qingguo’s Suggestion to China’s Korean Policy.
It is a ten-year plan, and there are five phases:
In phase one, it is a double stop. North Korea stops nuclear tests and missiletests, and the US stopsmilitary exercises around North Korea.
In phase two, in the first three years, the US withdraws American military from South Korea, witch provides a safety guaranteefor North Korea.
In phase three, during the 4th, 5th, and 6th year, the US, Japan,and Europe, establishes diplomatic relations with North Korea; North Koreaand South Korea areaccessible by postal communication, have trade relations, open transport meansby sea, land and air, and connect super highway and high-speed rail from China to South Korea.
In phase four, within the 7th, 8th, and 9th year, a UNpeace keeping force, constituted by China,Britain, France, and Russia,enter North Korea and South Korea, eradicate the military demarcationline, the border between the Koreas,control and destroy nuclear weapons, and prepare the monitoring of theelections. The US and China help North Korea and South Korea draft newconstitution for the peaceful unification, in witch if North Korea and SouthKorea have disagreement, the US and China will have a final say.
In phase five, in the 10th year, according to the new constitution,monitored by the UN peacekeeping force, the elections are held, the new leadersare elected, a new government is established, and the peaceful Koreanunification is realized. One year later, the UN peacekeeping force withdrawsfrom Koreapeninsula.
In the process to implement this ten-year plan, if needed, this ten-yearplan can be extended to 15 years, or even 20 years. I assume that, this packageagreement, meets the minimum requirements the US,China, North Korea and South Korea. Does it work? Pleasecriticize me and educate me.